Ethylene glycol bis(succininic acid) N-hydroxysuccinimide ester) is a cleavable, homobifuntional crosslinker that contains two NHS functional groups. The NHS functional groups of EGS are selectively reactive towards primary amines at pH 7 to 9. EGS is cleavable with hydroxylamine at pH 8.5. EGS is often used as a cleavable option when disulfide containing crosslinkers, such as DSP (CovaChem 13304) and DTSSP (CovaChem 13303) are not an option due to the desire to retain disulfide networks of a protein intact.
4-Maleimidobutyric acid N-hydroxysuccinimide ester (GMBS) is a heterobifunctional crosslinker with a spacer length of 7.4 Å. BMPS contains an amine reactive, NHS ester, and a maleimide group which is reactive towards sulfhydryl functional groups.
Hydroxylamine Hydrochloride (Hydroxylamine HCl) is a widely used reducing agent used in biomolecular applications. Hydroxylamine HCl is used for reducing EGS crosslinkers and deprotecting SATA protected proteins.
Succinimidyl 6-[3-(2-pyridyldithio)propionamido] hexanoate (LC-SPDP) is a heterobifunctional crosslinker that is amino reactive on one end and sulfhydryl reactive on the other end. LC-SPDP contains a long spacer arm (15.7 Å)for increased molecular flexibility and a reducible disulfide, which is allows for cleavage of the crosslinker after crosslink formation.