N-Ethoxycarbonyl maleimide (CAS# 55750-49-7) also known as N-Ethoxycarbonylmaleimide is used to introduce a maleimide group into the structure of a protein, peptide or amino acid. N-Ethoxycarbonylmaleimide can also be used to react with other amine containing compounds for the formation of a maleimide containing compound for later reactions with thiols (-SH). This compound is also useful for reactions involving Diel-Alder processes, Michael additions and other synthetic applications.
Ethylene glycol bis(succininic acid) N-hydroxysuccinimide ester) is a cleavable, homobifuntional crosslinker that contains two NHS functional groups. The NHS functional groups of EGS are selectively reactive towards primary amines at pH 7 to 9. EGS is cleavable with hydroxylamine at pH 8.5. EGS is often used as a cleavable option when disulfide containing crosslinkers, such as DSP (CovaChem 13304) and DTSSP (CovaChem 13303) are not an option due to the desire to retain disulfide networks of a protein intact.
Hydroxylamine Hydrochloride (Hydroxylamine HCl) is a widely used reducing agent used in biomolecular applications. Hydroxylamine HCl is used for reducing EGS crosslinkers and deprotecting SATA protected proteins.
Succinimidyl 6-[3-(2-pyridyldithio)propionamido] hexanoate (LC-SPDP) is a heterobifunctional crosslinker that is amino reactive on one end and sulfhydryl reactive on the other end. LC-SPDP contains a long spacer arm (15.7 Å)for increased molecular flexibility and a reducible disulfide, which is allows for cleavage of the crosslinker after crosslink formation.